Friday, April 5, 2019
Role Of Womens Rights In Afghanistan
Role Of Womens Rights In AfghanistaniistanDo you think that Afghan nation from the outset needs that men to serve it? Before Islam, women were treated comparable slaves or property. Their personal consent concerning everything related to their wellbeing was considered unimportant, to such a degree that they were never even treated as a party to a labor union contract. Women were used for one purpose, and thus discarded. They had no independence, could own no property and were not allowed to inherit. In times of war, women were treated as part of the prize. Their condition was un declaimable. In addition, the birth of a daughter in a family was not an occasion for happiness, but was regarded as embarrassment. The practice of killing female children was uncontrolled. With the arrival of Islam a verse came from the Quran criticizing those who practiced female infanticide And when the news of (the birth of) a female (child) is brought to any of them, his saying becomes dark, and he is filled with inward grief He hides himself from the people because of the evil of that whereof he has been informed. Shall he keep on her with dishonor or bury her in the earth? Certainly, evil is their decision (An-Nahle 1658-59).Afghanistan is the solely field in the world where women argon symbolized to all other countries. Afghan womens current situation is not b atomic number 18ly the result of Taliban, but there exists a history over the centuries of Afghan womens situation. Afghanistan is a country that lost all its economical infrastructures passing three decades of war, has been side of meatd with Economical, Social and cultural problems. One of the major problems that Afghans are suffering is violence against womens counterbalances. Taking in to consideration that compassionatenessy activities have been accomplished since 2001 by foreign and governmental organizations but statistic show that problems have been remained and vast depend of women are dummy up suffering from violence. many of women are deprived from training. A few women participate in political and sociable activities. As notice in Kabul, a cleaning woman suffers from violence every 30 minutes and 3% of women participate in governmental decision making activities. Only 11 percents of women were candidates in the 2010 parliamentary elections. Some of the challenging facts Afghan women faces in daily life are listed as followingEvery 30 minutes, an Afghan woman dies during childbirth,87 percent of Afghan women are untaught,30 percent of lady friends have access to education in Afghanistan,1 in every 3 Afghan women experience physical, psychological or sexual violence,44 years is the aver fester life expectancy rate for women in Afghanistan, and70 to 80 percent of women face laboured brotherhoods in Afghanistan (The Plight of Afghan Woman)Since the fall of the Taliban in late 2001, many people would discipline that the political and cultural position of Afghan women have improved substantially. The recently adopted Afghan governing body states that the citizens of Afghanistan whether man or woman- has equal rights and duties before the law. So far, women have been allowed to return back to work, the government no longer forces them to wear the all-covering burqa, and they even have been appointed to top positions in the government. Although many people deliberate that women have equal rights to men, but Afghan women, particularly in the rural areas of Afghanistan are not equally treated and their rights are violated. Women are not allowed to get education, women are forced into early age marriage and they have no right to work equally with men and take part in social activities.In many societies today, curiously in Afghanistan, a woman is tho valued and considered important if she performs the functions of a man, while displaying her feminine attractions to the public. If women get involved in politics, they would stop marrying, having c hildren, and the human race would greatly be affected. Women are emotional creatures, and incapable of making a sound political decision. Afghan men, Typically among Pashtun families, parents turn over that their daughters press release to school is an immoral act, such as being friend with the male childs and then claiming to marry with the boy of their own choice. They have the ideas saying that their daughters may adopt non-cultural behaviors at school, such as changes in their clothing, adapting ultramodern clothing and ways of thinking, which are not accepted in Afghan culture. In most sheepskin coat families, relatives and friends advise each others for not letting their daughters attend school. A girl is considered as a fiscal burden on her parents therefore, parents give their daughters to men who are in their fathers age to receive marriage make up and lessen their home expenses. In the most provinces of Afghanistan, girls are s anile to men without knowing a girls con sent, and then these girls are used as labors by her conserve and in-laws family for carrying physical loads of the whole family.First, its known that education, especially for girls is among basic requirements for an improved life standard in any society, however 85 percents of women and girls are illiterate in Afghanistan. The United States of America International Aid (USAID) allocated fund to address this challenge that constitute the concluding educational level in the country, and girls are facing many problems in this area. Womens education is a foundation for building womens human capital and a requirement for their meaningful participation, effective leadership, and enjoyment equal of rights. Although, the womens right to education is legally protected by law, the Afghan women have been long deprived of their right to education and still the participation of girls and women in various levels and fields of education is limited and they face numerous constraints. gravel t o equal education opportunity still is a dream for many women. Despite of educational improvements in recent years, women still face a topic of obstacles in their way to education such as early marriage restricted movement cultural barriers, security, transport constraints, shortage of qualified female teachers especially in rural areas, poor school infrastructure and facilities and the lower value attached to girls and womens education. In Afghanistan, the number of girls going to school is less than half the number of school boys and even in some provinces, like Zabul, this percentage is 3% though the numbers of male and female populations aging between 6-18 year old dont have a considerable difference. Another problem in terms of education in Afghanistan is the number of female schools including elementary and spunky schools that has decreased considerably. In Kandahar, for example, there are 255 elementary schools, whilst 20 high schools exist in the city. In central region of the country there are 256 elementary schools and only 27 high schools, which show unwillingness of girls to study (Commission). Nearly 1000 girls schools have been destroyed. Girls and teachers have been killed in a return of the Taliban reign of terror. Only 18% of Afghan women have skilled medical violence present when they give birth (Feminism, Womens Rights Articles Issues).In Paktia province last year, a shura of elders decided that a 25-year-old man who sexually abused a 7-year-old relative girl should pay compensation to the childs family. They also decreed the girl should marry her rapist when shes older (The Star). Due to fear of Taliban or topical anaesthetic warlords, girls cannot go outside their homes. If they go to schools, they are burnt, acid is thrown on their faces, or Taliban kill their family members. Almost in all provinces of Afghanistan girls are sexually abused and harassed. Girls are kidnapped on their way to school. They are kidnapped for different purp oses by the Taliban or local warlords, to make money by selling them or to use for smuggling, or marry them by force.Second, forced marriages constitute the other serious problems of women in Afghanistan which is exercised on different ways and forms as to payment of broad dowry, underage marriage, engaging in the very early days when a child is born. Widows are still considered as a heritage and are not allowed to marry other man willingly. Forced marriage is considered to be one of the main cases of women rights violation in all over the country. For instance, only in Helmand state 144 cases of forced marriage is registered by the Commission so far this year, mostly exercised as badal (girls metamorphose in families for marriage) and huge payment of dowry. In many parts of Afghanistan, marriages have taken place with threats by the powerful people, gunmen or in repayment for depts. Another reason considerably increases the number of early age marriages is the poverty in Afghan families.Third, in Islam, the value and importance of women in society and the true quantify of their success as human beings, is measured with completely different criteria their fear of Allah (SWT) and obedience to Him, and fulfillment of the duties he has assigned them, particularly that of bearing, nurturing and teaching children. Islam is a practical religion, and responds to human needs and life situations. Many women need, or wish, to work for various reasons. For example, they may possess a needed skill, such as a teacher or a doctor. While Islam does not prohibit women working outside the home, it specifies that the following restrictions be followed to safeguard the dignity and honor of women and the purity and stability of the Islamic society. Muslim women are not forbidden from going out in the community, working, or visiting relatives and female friends, if there is no objection from their guardian/husband and they are covered and behave and speak according to Islamic guidelines and, if necessary, escorted by their Mahram (male relative). However, a womans home should be the main base that she works from. Allah (SWT) instructed the wifes of the Prophet (SAW) O wives of the Prophet You are not like any other women. If you keep your duty (to Allah), then be not soft in speech, lest he is whose snapper is a disease (of hypocrisy or evil desire for adultery, etc.) should be moved with desire, but speak in an honorable manner. And stay in your houses, and do not display yourselves like that of the times of ignorance, and base on balls prayers perfectly (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah wishes only to remove Ar-Rijs (evil deeds and sins, etc.) from you, O members of the family of the Prophet (SAW), and to purify you with a thorough purification (Quran Al-Ahzab 3332-33).Afghanistans social development can only be ensured through res publica and the reduction of poverty, the success of both being assured throug h full participation of women, especially in rural Afghanistan. Afghanistan has always had elite and middle-class women who asserted their rights and walked towards modernization. But a lot of most Afghan women in rural areas have been one of oppression through tribal customs and dictates. Womens rights are human rights. They are not simply American, or western customs. They are universal values which we have a responsibility to promote throughout the world, and especially in a place like Afghanistan. It is not only the right thing to do it is the smart thing to do.