Sunday, April 21, 2019

Dialect variation Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Dialect vicissitude - Research Paper ExampleA car park sneak make by a majority of slew is to conf intake accents with dialects by messing up with the differences between sounds people make and pronunciation and the words they use. If one has to consider grammar and vocabulary alongside pronunciation, then it is reasonable to use the term dialect. However, when discussing a dialect, an individual will commonlyfully concentrate on pronunciations. If sounds alone are what are macrocosm spoken of, then the area of study in lyric is phonology or pronunciation. Phonology is a special aspect of dialect that requires separate attention to be understood precisely (Riggle and Godsmith 38). Phonological variation is the difference in pronunciation across and within dialects, for instance, people from different countries may pronounce user-friendly with an s while people from another country pronounce it with a z. Arguably, the most common phonological difference in England is the sound of bath vowel which differs between North and Southern England populations. other example is the issue of rhoticity, relative to whether or not letter r should be sounded when it comes after a vowel (McKay Lee 70). While most Wales and England populations do not pronounce this later r, those in Lancashire and side West countries do pronounce it. Variations in phonology are important in marking regional dialects. In order to represent the pronunciations precisely, linguistics tend to use a phonetic alphabet, where distinctively mixed sounds are represented by varying symbols, instead of unphonetic English spelling systems. One sound is usually symbolized by different spellings, like the sh sound being pronounced as sh in sheep, but as ti in nation (Brown, 108). Approaches to phonological variations The well-known phonological variations are word stress and syllable structure. The main question is whether on that point are generalizations to be made in various patterns of these v ariations. For the no-pattern glide path, no attempt is made to find an overall pattern that applies to most or all words, maybe because no generalization exists (Riggle and Godsmith 40). For instance, there are no rules to determine which syllable of polysyllabic English words swallows the stress. Consequently, stress patterns are merely listed in the lexicon. Any evident statistical preferences or trends for particular patterns are likely due to historical mistakes. The norm-and-exceptions approach assumes that English has a default stress structure with four different versions namely language parameters, language typology, optimology theory, and rule-based theory. Language typology assumes a limited number of

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