Wednesday, May 29, 2019
Discuss the similarities and differences between ?new terrorism? and th
Pantha rei as it was stated by the Greek philosopher, Heraclites of Ephesus (sixth and fifth centuries B.C.) everything flows, everything changes. Change in the contemporary world is an extremely fast process. zero remains the same as it was in the past. In semipolitical science especially, some notions (e.g. sovereignty) demand redefinition. The changing nature of all things also includes the political idea of terrorism. The official approach to this changing terrorism is rather complicated. The terrorist of yesterday is the hero of today, and the hero of yesterday becomes the terrorist of today . There is then a great imply to know what contemporary terrorism is and what it is not. Terrorism is a calculated use of power to achieve a political change, thus violence or evenly important, the threat of violence is used and directed in pursuit of, or in service of a political aim . Terrorism is an expression of political strategy, a forgetful choice made by an organization fo r political and strategic reasons (efficacy) rather than as the unintended outcome of psychological or sociable factors . However, terrorism is difficult to define because the meaning of the term has changed so frequently over the past 200 years. It has morphed from positive connotation during the French Revolution (closely associated with the ideals of faithfulness and democracy ), through the revolutionary movement and finally to a religiously motivated act as it is mainly perceived today. Nevertheless, we have to ask ourselves whether emeritus and refreshful terrorism really exists, or maybe the phenomenon we are facing today reminds us an old wine in a new bottle.deuce questions frame the discussed issue 1.What is the nature of new terrorism?2.What is the magnitude of threat of new terrorism?Old and new terrorism are distinguishable in five points, as the table below shows .Old TerrorismNew TerrorismIdeologicalVague or religious motivationsHierarchicalUnorganized (lone wolf, ad hoc) therefore more than difficult to penetratePropaganda by deed (bringing issue to the table)More violent (killing for the sake of killing)Sub-nationalTransnational and International (global... ...uld be considered more dangerous. The new rules of an old game make it more lethal and unpredictable. Let us examine only one example Nearly every terrorist group in Iraq has recently captured a foreigner but additionally, they have produced an accompanying video, where a list of demands is outlined, a deadline is set, hostages plea for their lives, and in several instances, they are killed by beheading. because these kidnappings merge a technique of old terrorism in service of new style terrorism. Furthermore, now more than ever, the media are a tool of war. These dramas were broadcasted by the media all over the world. This is how the media helps to evolve terrorism they send the terrorist a clear although unspoken message to maintain access to the airwaves, you need to devise e ven more outrageous tactics. Thus, the new global terrorist, caught into the trap of globalization, will have to break more rules, cross more psychological b rewrites, and crack more taboos in order to exist. This can be considered the most dangerous feature of the new terrorism not only do we not know when the next attack will strike, we either have no idea what actually is going to happen .